Aortic Valve Regurgitation: Should you Get Surgery?

People who are suffering from aortic valve regurgitation should decide whether to get aortic valve replacement surgery or not. Their doctor will check the seriousness of their condition. They will also check the patient’s overall health to determine if surgery is too risky for them. Together with their patient, the doctor will weigh the benefits of surgery against the risk.

Importance of Surgery for Aortic Valve Regurgitation

Often, valve surgery is performed if regurgitation is serious and may cause irreparable damage to the heart. The doctor will check a lot of things to determine if surgery is right for the patient. They will check the severity of the condition, the patient’s symptoms, the amount of blood their heart is pumping out to the body, and the size of the left ventricle. The doctor may recommend the patient gets surgery eve if they do not have symptoms since symptoms usually occur only after the condition has progressed.

When to Have Surgery

When to get valve replacement surgery depends on how possible the patient’s valve disease will get worse. The doctor will evaluate the regurgitation’s progression by comparing the results of the most recent echocardiogram with the earlier results. The frequency of having an echocardiogram will depend on the seriousness of the regurgitation.

In case the condition is slowly progressing, the patient may have to wait a bit longer before having the surgery. However, if they have other compounding factors like high blood pressure and coronary heart disease, the regurgitation may get worse soon and surgery must be performed sooner. Those who will have bypass surgery may be recommended to have their valve replaced at the same time.

Possible Risks

The seriousness of regurgitation and the possibility of it getting worse should be balanced against the risks involved with having surgery. Valve replacement surgery has a low risk of causing is other issues when the patient is healthy. This is especially true if the surgery is minimally invasive and the patient considers advanced cardiovascular programs. However, open-heart surgery has more risks. Even if valve replacement surgery is successful, the patient may experience issues like increased risk of blood clots, valve failure, and the need to have another replacement valve.

Is It Possible to Have Surgery for Valve Repair?

For the majority of patients, surgery to repair the aortic valve is not an option. The reason is that the left ventricle has very high blood pressure. The ventricle pumps blood to the rest of the body. High blood pressure can cause the repaired valve to leak again.

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